Menus, Recipes, and the Science of Cooking

Menus cut from the Globe offer various versions of this:

Stewed Prunes

Breakfast: Stewed prunes, Cereal with cream, Poached eggs, Hashed brown potatoes, Toast, Marmalade, Coffee

Luncheon: Baked Macaroni and cheese, Bran Muffins, Rhubarb tarts, Tea

Dinner: Cream of Pea Soup, Baked Pork Chops, Warm Applesauce, Mashed potatoes, Raw Carrot Salad, Baked Indian Pudding, Coffee

Menus for Cold Nights (Vermont Boiled Dinner; One Dish meal; Corn Meal Mush; Chop Suey…)

New England Boiled Dinner

Inserted between O/P and Q/R are notebook pages with menus handwritten for each day of the week for a Vegetarian Diet, using lots of whole wheat bread, peaches, beets, beans, pineapples, bananas, cabbage, raisins, and cauliflower. Cream and milk the only dairy and protein.

“Calendar of Menus for Campers

1928 article: “The Buffet Dinner Simplifies Service”

Handwrites: Sunday: Meat pie for dinner; Waffles for supper

“For the Child’s Lunch Box”: chopped meats, cooked fish, peanut butter and jam, salads; cakes or fruits; cold milk

Parties Without Headaches: Marjorie Hillis (author of “Live Alone and Like it”): In holiday season of too much rich food, keep it simple with buffet

To “Skipper” from “Wooly Lamb”: Bridge Luncheons:

-Welsh Rarebit (Melted Cheese) on crackers; olives; macaroons; tea

-Fruit salad with cream dressing; cheese crackers; coffee; fudge

-Chilled salmon loaf; hot rolls; ice box cake; coffee

“…I should prefer the dishes to be of one color…Use all pink, or the new blue glassware is very lovely and especially smart right now….”

Clam Chowder

Lodge or Church Suppers Serving 50”: choose clam chowder or chicken pie or pot roast or chop suey


From “Entre Nous” to “Starogan”: Hamburg; baked bean, brown bread, and ham, pies. 12 tables, decorations for each month, one per table; hostess at each table sells those tickets

Brown Bread and Beans with Meat

“Make Wedding Luncheon Simple”: menus

Handwritten: Dinner

Cranberry Cocktail, Fricasee Chicken, mashed potatoes, squash, peas, cranberry sauce, baking powder biscuit, butter, Apple Pie, coffee & cream

Handwritten (suggests this could have been for Dorothy as baby):

Diet 18 months to 2 ½ years

7-8 a.m. Cereal 6 to 8 oz. with milk; Bacon (1 slice) or coddled egg; Crackers, toast, or swieback

[[Wiki definition: Zwieback is a type of crispy, sweetened bread, made with eggs and baked twice. It is sliced before it is baked a second time, which produces crispy, brittle slices that closely resemble Melba toast. Zwieback is commonly used to feed teething children.]]

10 a.m. Orange juice – 2 to 4 tbl.; Tomato juice – 2-4 tbl.

12 A.M. (sic) A. Vegetable Soup – toast or crackers.

Desserts: gelatin, junket, custard, rice, tapioca, pudding without raisins

Or B: Baked potato with juice, gravy, or butter. Strained carrot, spinach, squash, string beans, or turnips.

Scraped beef (1 tbl pan broiled) lean portion of lamb chop, or minced chicken (2 tbl) Desserts as under A.

3 p.m. crackers, swieback, or cookies – milk or cocoa (3 to 4 oz)

6 p.m. Cereal or occasionally toast, swieback, or bread (2 slices with milk 6 oz) Stewed fruit 2 or 3 oz.

p. 172:   Menus (including a breakfast of “Creamed Fish on Toast” and “Meat Pie” for a “Night Meal”)

p. 175: article:  “Diet Menu for White House”: 25-cent Bill of Fare Sent for Trial

New York, Jan. 28 – A special menu for the White House was sent to Mrs. Woodrow Wilson today by Mrs. Eula Clary, publicity manager of the policemen’s “Diet Squad” here, with the request that the food selected for three meals be tried for one day, as follows:

Breakfast—Oatmeal and milk, toast and butter, coffee. Cost 7 cents.

Luncheon—Salmon croquettes with peas, one date, bread and butter, tea. Cost 8 cents.

Dinner—Baked split peas, stuffed green peppers, whole wheat bread and butter, sliced oranges and bananas, tea. Cost 10 cents.

[Unclear date; could have been sent to either first or second wife of Woodrow Wilson, between 1913 and 1921; article below this one is about bridal linen’s for bride’s new home, so perhaps it is from Fran’s first summer of marriage, 1914, when first Mrs. Wilson was still alive (she died in August of 1914); or it could be after the second Mrs. Wilson came to the White House in Dec 1915).

Shirley Temple’s typical daily menu

Cartoon of Man walking fast, carrying lunch pail: “Francis Lederer carries his own lunch to the set and it never varies…A quart of milk and four bran muffins.”

[Francis Lederer (November 6, 1899 – May 25, 2000) was an American film and stage actor.]


Ad: Woman in Apron 1920s or 1930s

The Science of Cooking

Fran writes lists to help her master the science of cooking and she pastes favorite and useful recipes. Under “Come Again Cakes” (Sugar, shortening, molasses, hot water, soda, flour, cinnamon, salt), she writes: “I baked for a store here in the city & they wanted 10 doz. a day.”

Time for Cooking Vegetables

Asparagus 20 min

Beets 1-3 hours

Cabbage 3 hrs

Carrots 1 ½ hours


Table of Measures

4 saltspoons = 1 teaspoon

3 teaspoons (dry) = 1 tablespoon

4 teaspoons (liquid) = 1 tablespoon

1 rounded tablespoon butter = 1 oz.

1 heaped         “                   “        = 2 “ or ¼ cup

1 quart sifted pastry flour = 1 pound

3 1/ cups bread flour = 1 pound

1 level teaspoon water = 60 drops


Table of Proportions

1 t. soda to 2 cups sour milk

1 t. soda to 1 cup molasses

1 t. baking soda to 1 cup flour

¼ cup butter to 1 qt. flour for biscuits


“Buying Just Enough Meat”: table of quantities needed on average per meat for             different numbers of people

Prepare shortening:  heat suet in frying pan, strain it, add lard, beat with egg beater,             pore into cans

Make quick sour milk by adding 1 t. vinegar to evaporated or sweet milk


Canning/Preserving recipes: blueberries; chili soup; tomatoes; pickles; string beans; chutney sauce; beets; barberries; strawberries; peaches; plums; spiced apples

Lists of “cheap” recipes: Caramel Pudding, Valentine sandwich, Salmon celery salad, Fig & peanut sandwich, cream cheese & celery sandwich (add olives and mayo)

Sandwich fillings: peanut butter, carrot, green pepper, pb, cottage cheese, mustard, mayo, cream cheese, apples, raisins, hard egg, celery, mayo, mustard

Soup recipes: bouillon, vegetable, bake bean, clam, tomato, string bean

Salad recipes:  Cabbage; Salmon; Pineapple; Beet and Cottage Cheese; Orange, Apple, and Pineapple; Cranberry-Cabbage; Cole slaw…

Roosevelt Salad (celery, red and white cabbage, green peppers, carrots, peas, mayo, on lettuce)

Pie recipes: Pumpkin, apple, squash, custard, lemon chiffon, cranberry, rhubarb

Cookie recipes: For babies; coconut; peanut butter; molasses; sour cream; eggless; oatmeal; apple; cream cheese; brownies; spice; ginger; walnut drops; date surprise; hermits

Fried Pies” (fry in deep fat) is next to “Substitute for Whip Cream (sliced banana beaten with egg whites)

Pages of Cake Recipes: Mother’s Old-Time Nut; Vanilla Cream Frosting; Spice; date; Layer; Peach Griddle; Applesauce; Economical; Brown Sugar; Two-Egg Cupcakes; Eggless; Gingerbread; Milkless; Butterless; Crumb; Cinnamon; Boiled Custard; Sour Cream Shortcakes; Mock Mincemeat; Dark Moist Chocolate; Hot Water Sponge; Once-A-year; …

And Breads: Johnny Cake, Raise Bread, Sponge Corn Cake, Brown Bread, Rice Biscuits, Lightest of Biscuit, Cream Biscuit, Dumplings, Pop Overs ( 1 teacup of milk, 1 egg, 1 cup flour, a little salt), Creamtartar Biscuits (Sour Milk), Corn Meal muffins, Sixty Minute Rolls…

Surprise Carrot Loaf; Whipped Cream Pie; Molasses Doughnuts; Butterscotch Pie; Fudge Pie; Creamed Mushrooms; Apple and Cranberry jelly; Pie Crust….

Oysters – grilled, stewed, creamed

“A Hearty Breakfast”: “Fried mush! How good it smells!” Mrs W.F.N. describes recipe for “large brood” in less time. Better than the “old way of long-boiling the night before. Besides scientists now tell us that cornmeal is just as digestible when cooked a short time as when cooked all day.”

Potato Chowder, Downeast Codded Codfish, Candied Parsnips

“You Can Make Soda Fountain Treats For Your Party At Home” (from Soda Fountain Magazine):

-Chocolate Bracer (chocolate syrup, eggs, vanilla ice cream, whipped cream)

-Nut Parfait (butterscotch, vanilla ice cream, chopped nuts, butter pecan ice cream, whipped cream)

-Black-Eyed Susan (vanilla and chocolate ice creams, chocolate syrup, marshmallow topping, chocolate decorates, maraschino cherry)

Insert: Parade Magazine, December 9, 1945: Recipes for “Sugarless Christmas Candy”

St. Patrick’s Day Recipes: lots of green: pickles, sandwiches, cookies, drinks, desserts

For a Child’s Party: Frosting on Graham crackers with animal cracker placed in frosting  [[One of the few singular recipes my mother Dottie carried through to our childhood]]]

Vegetable Soup

Cereals (using half milk – ie 5 oz milk, 5 oz water)

For the Lunch Pail

The Useful Sandwich and its Fillings

Simple Meals For Seven Days

Insert: from Radio Household Institute, Inc. 285 Madison Avenue, NYC: (on air every day, except Friday & Sunday, @ 11:15 A.M. EST and 10:15 Central Time, over station WEAF and associated stations): Transcript of broadcast December 3, 1930 [Fran perhaps sent for this?]

“Ten-Minute Parties”: 18 recipes to prepare easily and inexpensively: Star Sandwich; Peanut Dainty; Date & Nut Sandwich; Tomato Canape; Shamrocks; Shrimp Canape; Magic Mayonnaise; Coconut Macaroon; Cinnamon Toast; Hot Cocoa

p. 169- “Recipes of New England Housewives” from Globe:

Onion Chowder; Rhubarb Jam; Puffy Oatmeal; Molasses Spice Cake; Diced Potato and Hamburg; Dutch Salad (cucumbers, onions, tomatoes, cabbage, peppers, cauliflower)

Biscuits (“Take one quart of sifted Flour, one teaspoon of Salt and a small teaspoon of THE GREAT ARM&HAMMER BRAND BICARBONATE OF SODA mix thoroughly together, then add a heaping tablespoonful of Lard or Butter, and sufficient sour milk or butter-milk to make slack-dough—just stiff enough to handle with the floured hand. Do not let the dough stand after being mixed but roll it to desired thickness; cut out the biscuit and bake immediately. – SEE THAT THE OVEN AND PANS ARE HOT BEFORE PLACING THEM IN TO BAKE.)

p. 170-recipes for Potted Stew (with beef); Baked Stuffed Haddock; Lamb Fricassee with Dumplings; Sour Milk Cheese; Sour Milk Doughnuts; Oak Hill Potatoes (sliced potatoes and hard boiled eggs with cream sauce, baked); Mustard Pickle; Meat hash; Maple Walnut Pudding

“Steamed Suet Pudding”: sugar, molasses, sweet milk, soda, chopped beef suet, raisins, salt, spices, flour; steam 3 hours, serve with liquid sauce)

Handwritten recipe for Cocoa for 20 People

Recipes for Oyster Stew, Clam Chowder, Mustard Coleslaw, Cottage Pie meat and potatoes), Drop Biscuits

Insert in back cover: Water-stained letter apparently written by Fran (in her blindness, so she cannot see errors) to Dorothy in Pennsylvania sometime between 1951 and 1953, when Dorothy’s first child, Geoff, was a baby and before I was born:

Saturday Morning

8 Essex St.

Sanford, Me.

Dear folks,

The weather man just told us it was snowing in Philly. No sign of snow here yet but we have plenty. The snow drifted ½ way up our garage doors. You would need a sleigh here for Jeff (sic).

How are you all?

Norma (unclear name) rights (sic) an article “What’s Cooking” for the Tribune. This last week she had our old fashioned pop corn recipe. Just the way we made it down on Lyon Hill.

Here it is –

Molasses Pop Corn Balls

1 cup molasses

1 tbl. Vinegar

2 tbl. Butter

1 t. salt

4 quarts of pop corn

Cook molasses, vinegar, salt and butter until brittle when laid in cold water. Pour while hot over pop corn; mix well. Butter hands and shape con into walls (sic) or flat cakes.You will need to work fast when shaping corn balls or cakes or the last ones won’t hold together well. If you wrap well or place in tight container they will keep several days. Makes about 2 doz cakes.

Love, Mother & Dad


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